The gardeners take the matter of soil very seriously as the health of the plants completely depends on the soil. Preparation of the soil is certainly the most important part of gardening. If the garden soil is itself not right, then the garden cannot reach its complete potential.
A garden is a mirror that depicts the quality of the soil. The garden should be fully covered with the soil that has vitality. The soil should be of the proper composition and the chemistry of materials should be such so that the environment becomes fertile and appropriate for the growth of different plants. This is the actual meaning of having vitality in the garden soil. The management of the soil is a continuous process and once the process is started with the basics then the rest of the work is done by the soil itself.
Among all the things that must be kept in mind before creating a garden, the type of soil to be used is the most important. Before beginning to plant, dig up some of the soil and analyze the proper texture of the soil. It can be heavy or wet or even dense in nature or it can be loose and similar to playing sand. It sometimes feels that it is sticky and easily getting crumbled. All the soils are a mixture of particles of minerals. Combination of silt, sand and also primary clay forms the good quality garden soil. It is also seen that one of the particles are found in a higher amount as compared to the remaining ones. This does not mean that the soil is a bad medium to grow plantations. It’s just that it affects the density and capacity to get hold of the nutrients and also effects the rate of drainage.
Among all the soil types, each one has its own way to get carried off. Let’s have a quick look at them:
- Sandy soils: They comprise of large particles so that the flow of water becomes easier and the important nutrients also move without any obstruction.
- Loam: This is an ideal garden soil for many of the plants. It is one of the types of soil which contains all the three minerals in equal proportion and is also rich in humus. To make the soil loamier, the best solution is to add organic matter. This will also improve the soil structure.
- Clay soils: This type of soil consists of small and tiny particles that are even dense and holds back the large particles of nutrients and water or rather it is said moisture. This type of garden soil helps to drain slowly and when dry it becomes hard as well as compact.
- Silts: The particles in this type of soil get tightly packed consisting of fine particles. It also allows easy movement for drainage and circulation of air.
It is also seen that when organic matter is added to the soil then the soil improves its quality. Some of the materials included are as follows:
- Composed waste from the yard
- Fallen leaves
The garden soil is intended to be in a slanting manner and also gets mixed well with the organic materials. The organic materials are already mentioned above but some of them could be peat moss or to add nutrients to the bed of the garden the gardeners can also mix it with soilless potting.
Some of the garden soil ratios are like 25% soilless potting to 25% of garden soil to even higher 50% compost or it could be 50% garden soil to 50% compost or even 25% of garden soil to 75% compost. This helps the soil to retain moisture and properly drains for the better development of the garden bed.